The Henry VIII break with Rome occurred for many reasons, partially for reasons of divorce in light of his many wives. Click here to learn more about them. Read below to learn about all the events leading up to the Henry VIII break with Rome. 1509 Henry marries Catherine of Aragon Henry came to the ... Thomas Cromwell, a man who had risen from humble beginnings in Putney to be Chancellor of the Exchequer, Master of the Rolls, principal secretary to the king, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Great Chamberlain, Vicegerent in Spirituals, and Earl of Essex, was beheaded on 28th July 1540, the same day that King Henry VIII married his fifth wife, Catherine ... However, Cromwell subsequently charted an evangelical and reformist course for the Church of England from the unique posts of Vicegerent in Spirituals and vicar-general. : 658, fn. 2 During his rise to power, Cromwell made many enemies, including his former ally Anne Boleyn. He played a prominent role in her downfall. Cromwell helped engineer an annulment of the King's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, so that the king could marry his mistress, Anne Boleyn. Supremacy over the Church of England was officially declared by Parliament in 1534, and Cromwell supervised the Church from the unique posts of vicegerent for spirituals and vicar general.